Nursing Career a Predictor of Depression?

What does current research tell us about depression, nursing work performance, and occupational health conditions? That the indicators are present of workplace burnout, PTSD, common mental disorders,  and weight gain from occupational nursing stress. Studies conducted by Weller, et. all., (2008), Peterson et all, (2008), Jolivet et al., (2010),  HS Lin, (2010), Greiger, (2007), Dillman, (1987), Welsh, (2009) , and more have contributed specific research to the body of knowledge surrounding nursing careers, job stress,  and depression. Colleagues of  Yohai, (1987) , Gartner, (2010), and Langleib (2008), also have conducted research that indicated higher instances of wellness problems from the negative impact of nursing work. The research underscores the key premise of evaluating nursing occupations as a predictor of depression.

Does nursing as a career function as a predictor of depression? This above body of research and its combinant conclusions supports increased review of depression as an occupation covariable of nursing as a work choice. The response of nursing employers, hospital wellness initiators, and occupational nursing consultants should be impacted accordingly.

Nursing requires long hours, pain and suffering, complex pharmaceutical regimens and physician-ordered therapeutic treatments. And that’s just what the patients have to go through! Nurses as occupational workers must study and internalize a great deal of empirical knowledge to perform their jobs. Then they must absorb dozens of personality types, workplace idiosyncracies, and patient preferences. This must be done working long hours with little structured rest and relief.

But as studies show, nurses on the whole pay a price for the stress of their workday responsibilities. Burnout is common.  And employers should pay attention to where their training investment is going. Because almost 80% of the respondents report at least one health problem that impacts work productivity.  More muscular support and improved employer and healthcare schemes for treatment of a signally underreported problem such as this should be immediately complemented by companies via employee outreach.

Participants in the depression studies also reported other signifiers of unhappiness, burnout, and workplace difficulty. Anxiety, sleep problems, medication interventions, errors involving safety and medication indicate a workplace disaster waiting to happen. Wellness, it seems, is a professional responsibility for nurses. But it should be an ethical responsibility from employers toward their nursing workforce.  A large portion of the depressive-skewing group showed problems with obesity, lack of mental well-being, and a marked loss of productivity. These factors directly relate to lessened ability to manage workplace tasks and nursing duties. This is not the “Dark Ages” of pink collar employment anymore. Nursing retention spells better quality of care for patients in every scenario.  But as the research shows, wellness institutions, hospital medical-surgical wards, and global nursing workplaces all show a heightened coefficient of depression, as a nurse’s career lengthens.  And for nurses and nursing employers to (still) sponsor a working environment that promotes medication errors and unnecessary instigation of poor nursing performance is of grievous concern. For the corpus of the population looking to nurses for healthcare, having a depressed nurse doing nursing tasks and performing services for you is an alarming possibility, and yet now a statistical probability.

Nursing institutions themselves can most concretely change the elements causing some of the depressive orientation in nursing occupational experiences. Lessening workplace impairment should be a cooperative goal between all parties. Workers suffering from Depression, reporting health and coping issues, and committing errors are a risk. Nurses at risk for impaired work performance do not make positive role models.The validity of depressive indicators across all samples illustrates a higher demand for employer assistance programs.

High rates of depression can occur in every profession from stockbrokers to firemen. But nurses are the kind of specialized workers that should know enough to recognise stress and intervene before formal depression takes hold. And healthcare managers are far from immune to depression either. According to Welsh’s study of 150 nurses, the estimated prevalence rate for major depression is above 20%. Job satisfaction and burnout are also reported, but experts theorize that much more internalized stress is simmering under the surface.  The etiology of depression and the implications of depressive symptom incidence in nursing employees transcends mere lifestyle and cultural backgrounds.

   Total Depression Score (TDS) is the factor that rates the individual as a participant in the depression-growth dynamic sketched in research literature. Nursing associations throughout the United States actively participate in these studies to prevent growth of occupational difficulty and regression. The gender factor remains somewhat skewed, as an overwhelming share of aging nurses are female. In the North Carolina study, 91%, of the respondents were female. As male populations in nursing occupations changes, more data will be available with more updated research. 

Finding out more about what causes nursing career stress can illuminate the changes necessary to minimize wear and tear on the ‘ candy-striped collar ‘ industry. In a cross -sectional survey performed across 2500 random North Carolina nurse samples, only 47% bothered responding despite a dollar bill being provided! ( The Dillman strategy.) This shows a discomfort present when half of all nurses have to come to grips with how depression is affecting them.

For those considering the nursing profession, statistics and studies exploring depression as a coefficient of occupational nursing have something to say. There is no ” free-ride” in any career. In a nursing career, as studies and depression literature indicate, the cost of interaction and wear and tear of being a nurterer and a caregiver may have hidden social costs. Workplace characteristics play into this trend. The occupational risk of depression in the nursing field co-varies with employment type, age, level of nursing education attained, and communication elements between other nurses at the place of work.

Many of the above research authorities noted obesity as a depressive co-factor, and a synthesis of high BMI and other depressive indicators in stressed out  nurse candidates suffering burnout. . While the stigma of being overweight and the concept of career dissatisfaction is not unique to nursing professionals, the clusters of other signifiers attending incidence of career longevity in nursing, as well as the obesity factor, are. But other factors such as overcrowding of the patients in the healthcare environment,  and a lessened ability to communicate with other staff can also exacerbate depressive trends. Communication operates to solve many problems, and its absence in a nursing envirinment is a sure sign of workplace dysfunction. And the communication breakdown does not only limit profession nursing performance.  In cultures where many individuals are cued to conceal concerns about their own mental wellness, nurses are not as reliable for self-reporting symptoms of depression.

The current research offers new treatment options for depressed nurses and those experiencing job stress. Computers can offer Lcd-enabled counseling interventions and Internet–based cognitive  therapy technologies. Nursing assistance strategies for support should quantifiably emphasize more robust participation in these programs. Healthcare employers should introduce employees to their mobile and smartphone pathways to wellness.  Brands such as Mind street, E-couch, and Moodgym are examples.

Incidence of depression, depressive tendencies, and behaviors associated with depressive symptoms have been tracked in nursing sample groups of varying occupational nurses around the world. From field hospitals in theaters of war to metropolitan hospital wards, the research compiles statistics and observations that hint at a need for organized proactive response. One study of German nurses reflected the combination of lowered mental health rating, health problems, and lowered workplace productivity. Registrations of continuous and consistent depressive problems in nursing professionals should be resonant enough, by now, to incite employer-side support.

Studies and literature from varying institutions and scholars have been actively researching the extent to which depression correlates with nursing.  Medical-surgical nurses and intensive care nurses show a stronger inclination to self-reporting depression or depressive symptoms. These symptoms are correlations of somatic complaints (trouble sleeping), major life events, addictive habits, and signifiers of occupational stress.

The burden on nurses is to support the healthcare mission of physicians in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and field hospitals. Any type of nurse, it seems, may be subject to depression as his or her age rises and their career longevity extends. Yet nurses receive education and training about the downside of depression and its impact on well-being. The research begs the question ‘Why can’t nurses actively discount depression in their own lives, let alone offer impactful interventions to their patients?” Employers and wellness institutions should answer this query with a set of nursing occupational supports that reinforce the investment nurses have made not only for their own careers, but for optimum patient-side medical care experiences as well.

 

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Nurses and Depression: An Essay

Nursing and depression are a strange pair of entities that intersect at various points of the compass. Yet the nursing profession continues to walk an uneasy line between comprending depression as a patient symptom and experiencing depression  as a career side effect. Today nursing stands at a pivotal place in history, with academia, the origins of medicine, and progress pulling the threads of nursing theory every which way.

Nursing is a time-honored institution whose origins claims famous feminist icons such as Clara Barton, Margaret Sanger, Mary Breckenridge, and Florence Nightingale. But the feminist mystique itself has oudistanced the treatment and conventional wisdom surrounding depression as a medical concern. Depression, and the treatment of depression, for many people, can be a difficult concept to grasp. Depression is a psychiatric disorder of the mind and psyche which affects persons undergoing medical treatment, but can also originate as a harbinger of other diseases. Depression has almost become a slang term in the pop culture vocabulary used casually to descrive feeling “down”. Yet as a medical denominator, the presence of depression  is serious business.

Depression can be a symptom as well as a diagnosis. Yet the physical side of the medical and nursing fields can often override the psychological of many wellness crises. Conventional wisdom usually trumps academic progress. Commercial pharmaceutical treatment usually beats out long-term alternatives, and little endorsment is given to nontherapeutic analysis. The medical institution as a whole functions mostly to heal the body, and the psycho-analytic milestones in healing don’t keep pace with the limitation of treatment access options for the afflicted. Dabbling in depression doagnosis is seen as specialist referral stuff. Medical professionals are all too familiar with these “rules of the road”.

Both doctors and nurses are more comfortable in general discussing medical symptoms according to a pathology of pure anatomy and disordered functions of the body. This is their clinical training taking over. This is understandable, as many facets of the psychological applications of depression treatment color between the lines of many disciplines. And ad hoc experimentation in the world of treatment for depression is uually not rewarded from a multiple of perspectives.

Too often, physicians skip over depression as a treatable illness and focus on the more concrete diagnoses of the body. In many cultures, psychological illness still carries a stigma from periods of civilization where too little was known about the causes and origins of depression. The onus of depressive symptoms as ‘”madness” still  remains.

Early man used drugs, societal separation, and medicinal forms of witchcraft to “treat” early forms of depression. Later cultures shipped mad people offf to sea, in groups, on a Ship of Fools”., Relying on God to guide their destiny. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung introduced a standardized form of psychological vocabulary to the medical world, and contemporary man has distinguished himself by pursuing depression in its various guides as a clinical and scientific study for decades.

Today, studies connect depression and everything to sleep deprivation, opiate addiction, anorexia nervosa, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and more. Prevention of depression and observing symptoms of depression, are now a key element of physician treatment advice. The dynamic of career choice has affected medical workers, doctors, and nurses as the practices began to take on occupational definition since the late 1600’s. Medicine  as a discipline has undergone radical reforms from it’s early days. The “physicking’ of another person began to take shape not just as a career for learned man, but as an occupation for educated men and individuals in search of a paying career. While the first doctors of this type were from the most elite classes of scholar and the most wealthy set of people in every culture, religion as  a passport to medical practice admitted religious elders to the treatment of others in more than one tribal civilization around the globe.

Many early teaching institutions centered around the scholastic training of doctors, priests, and teachers. The estimation of a physician was often ruled by his breadth of knowledge of medical studies and material of a religious nature. The indoctrination of a scholar in religion was thought to cement the ethics required to operate a medical practice and found the personal ethos necessary for treatment of other persons, conscious or unconscious. The access to the metaphysical world that many cultures connect with physical wellness allowed this transmutation of disciplines to coexist for many centuries.

The ethics associated with physicianship caused male scholars in the early 1700’s to pledge their scholastic faith in religion, as a going rates of “dues” cementing Christian ethics to the science of treating the bodies of other people. But as Calvinism, the teaching s of Martin Luther, and other religious doctrines took shape, the emergence of a new class of doctor purely to treat the physical malady emerged. The doctor as pure scientists emerged. Marie Curie and her husband were examples of this kind of doctor, who practiced their science without allowing religious culture to dominate their thinking. Doctors were thought of as esteemed members of the community, the equal of all but the highest echelons of the social order. Doctors are respected in every type and section of population where high level of education, practice of any differentiated culture, and necessary acknowledgement of the body of knowledge required and the commitment necessary confers a certain prestige.

In the succeeding centuries, academic studies have dominated the world of organized medicine. Then the business world took over mass medicine, and the world now has become a globalized client of large scale medical insurance companies. The patient is not always the client, as doctors usually are the ones that pharmaceutical companies look to for sponsorship of their treatment of new type of medications. It is the nursing profession, and nurses in particular, who deliver the front line of medical care and therapeutic attention to patients. It is the nurses in the medical world who are the ones that patients interact with the most.

But as the nursing career as a lifetime occupation has developed as a paying gig, the culture of acceptance and respect may not have been as evolved. The participation in medical profit for nurses has not followed along with that enjoyed by physicians working half the amount of time per week.  While nurses do the “heavy lifting” of patient care, their compensation is not commensurate with the time spent and sacrifices required of someone who has embarked on a nursing career. Nurses may work unpaid overtime, stay late, and do extra work, but nursing pay generally doesn’t always reflect this contribution. Ensuing generations of nurses will decide if more reform is in order.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Test Strategies for Nursing Students

After a nursing student has managed to complete all their coursework and pass all their training seminars, the big qualifying tests loom ahead. So many years are spent attending lectures, taking practical training, and working to support the goal of the future, that the nursing exam can become almost larger than life. Then suddenly it’s next month. That faraway goal is now a reality.

After preparing for the big exam forvso long, the first test for proper formal nursing exams can be a shock to the system. Perhaps a nursing student that did so well on their nursing section tests got comfortable with their study habits and just soldiered on. They thought the final exam and State Board nursing exam would be the same. Yet all too often, even these test takers are jerked back to reality with a non-passing result.  There is little room for error on the state qualifying nursing exams.

Many of the nursing students being proctored for exams are top-notch nurses wirh fine minds. Yet the competition for placement on occupational qualifier tests is more fierce for nursing than  in almost every industry, from aviation to veterinary practice. The bar set by current occupational nursing test programs are very high. The cutting edges dividing qualified nurses (who pass the RN test), and successful nursing students (who don’t), are very sharp. The cracks through which the nursing exam lets its student fall are getting more and more rare and much more fine every day.

Nurses getting ready to take their NCLEX or other qualifying nursing exams need to optimise every minute spent before the test. The tests have grown in sophistication and complexity over the past few decades. Nurses looking to see the highest and best score possible  should use some strategies to ensure the best payoff for all their hard work.

Nursing exam applicants and nursing students should tailor their test taking strategies to what works for them. Nursing exams measure three things: memorized medical knowledge, ability to incorporate that knowledge into medical nursing scenarios, and ability to perform virtual nursing duties in a number of imagined scenarios. The test crams the demand for problem solving and quick thinking into every question.

1. Set a game plan based on past test results.

Nurses must be honest about where their strengths and weaknesses lie. Look at what your study habits were when you attained your best grades.  If you have trouble focusing on test preparation,  consider hiring a coach. If you have trouble absorbing new material, think about getting a tutor while there still time left. Getting coached on how to study ranges or develop symptoms into therapies can boost your confidence on test day.

This is why flash cards and mere rote memorization of lecture notes don’t work. The retention from cramming  is too low to matter.  Many nursing students become insulated by good test score experiences and relax their discipline towards the last and most important nursing exams there are. Often the test results can be disappointing for the top graders or ‘teacher’s pets’ in  each individual school’s class or lecture section. The formal test for certification is much more tough even than your nursing final for your entire degree program.

Nursing students generally depend on their notes and test review sections to prepare for their tests. But test finals and professional level final nursing exams do not match this format. These tests are conceived as a competitive challenge.  Commercial test prep materials suggest a more credulous practice format and compatible test example for preparation strategy.

Teachers and lecturers are required to assign and cover scheduled amounts of topics and book material over calendrical points of time. But the commitment to master the material must come from the nursing student themselves. Just re-reading the book a hundred times isn’t test preparation anymore. By the time the final sessions of test preparation occur, nursing students must have absorbed the knowledge and moved on to applying it to likely problems or scenarios. Test questions will likely ask which of two of the most likely nursing  interventions are best.  At that time, it is the comparative knowledge of both quantitative and qualitative factors that are required. In addition to general practice knowledge. Nurses struggling to remember primary themes will be left far behind on the scoring curve. Make a folder for every area of knowledge in which you need a soup-to-nuts indoctrination. Fill this folder with research and case studies that emphasize key concepts.

2. Plot your time use strategically.

About a month up to the final scheduled test date, plot allyour time on a master calendar. Break down your study time into hours. If you have a job, consider freeing up enough time at work to achieve test prep goals. Working while distracted can throw you off your game at work. That’s when mistakes happen.

And a major incident at work can distract you from using your personal time for best test preparation. Because now your work rhythms are thrown off. Some time planning issues will have come to the fore. Time maximization is crucial at this time.

Review of study materials is essential. Nursing students should consider if the quality of their textbook is everything they need. Observe the results discussed by nurses attending other schools. Is there a book that explains things better? Often a coursebook can be the particular choice of the instructor, and not the most beneficial for nursing. Or nursing exam preparation.

When preparing for tests, the World Wide Web can be your friend. Join chat boards online and learn what other nursing students are saying about the quality of their own preparedness. Do students evaluate themselves as ready for some topics more than others?  Then identify which part of your nursing academic material needs a reboot.

3. Evaluate the best use of your time.

If you needed four weeks of additional chapter study and two weeks of terms memorization, as well as performing several weeks of part-time work, commuting, and/or childcare. three and a half weeks until test time isn’t going to work. Time management is key. Splurge for baby sitting and/or put yourself somewhere you can achieve a silo of concentration. Plan on less driving and unnecessary physical activity.

Many nurses try to take their current schedules into the test taking season. But the competition isn’t doing that. By ignoring time management challenges you let the competition get ahead.

Many nursing students respond to the freedom from lecture schedules as if they are on vacation. Suspend the party time until after the test. The need for constructive time management is too important. You can’t clone yourself and the pace of trying to do too much will wear you out just in time for the testing sessions.

4. Get enough sleep.

Nurses know from their studies thay shortages of sleep negatively affect diet,  sleep, temperament, concentration, and mood. Loss of sleep can affect short term memory and change in sleep patterns can erase the very mental sharpness nursing students need most for their tests.

Trying to stay up and force your brain to mentally absorb and retain quickly scanned information is impossible. Studies have shown that the human brain cannot accommodate these needs. Setting up the human body to fail during test time due to exhaustion. stress, or worry over preparedness is very common. Plot adequate meals, rest, exercise and sleep. Avoid crutches like caffeine, smoking, energy bars and junk food. These can alter your body chemistry and fool you into thinking yourself prepared by playing with your blood sugar. Make sure that sleep quality is a constant during your test prep phase.

5. Find A Study Buddy

A study partner can assist any nursing student to extend their study time and grow results. Students can put up notes at their school before lectures end or network during the session to get phone numbers of likely partners. Persons who have always depended on themselves for study results should not discount the benefits of active verbal  discussion of terms, examples and case studies. The active discussion can enable  positive  reinforcement of many important concepts and better enhance a student’s understanding of nursing course material. This leaves the test of their time free to focus on uniquely targeted “cribbing” information sets.

The grind of testing preparation can wear anybody down. This is not the time to get sidetracked! Both parties win by reinforcing proper use and discussion of topical nursing test subjects. The verbal intercourse with another nursing student is an efficient way for test prep to focus disciplined energy towards testing success.

 

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What Nurses Need to Know About Cutting

Chronic consitions anf acute care crises are not the only area in which nurses serve their patients. Nurses must be vigilant to observe compulsive and dissociative disorders beginning among their patients in care. When a patient is at risk for harming themselves, the situation becomes a health care crisis.

Patients under monitoring will exhibit patterns of normal behavior. Then changes in a patient’s habits will stand out.  One aberrant behavior that signals the need for attention is cutting. Cutting may sound odd, even absurd to most people when first encountering the medical disorder. But cutting is no laughing matter. It can affect housewives, adolescents, students, and profession people of all ethnicities  and at every education level.

Yet the  problem of cutting is more widespread than thought at first, although experts cite early underreporting as a major factor. Many caregivers may not wish to risk their position on an intervention. Irregular nursing staffing can result in turnover that prevents consisted reliability between caregivers with an opportunity to see cutting symptoms.

Cutting is a problem that has become a recognized part of the vocabulary of disorders and psychological signs of emotional distress in people. Striking mainly juveniles and adolescents, cutting is a practice where the physical mutilation of the skin serves no purpose but abuse. Cutting flourishes in environments where body checks and inconsistent observation is the norm.

Both women and men suffer from cutting. The inclination will start small, and the disorder will build as the victim of cutting behavior learns to harm themselves routinely. Cutting may be hidden by hobbies such as carpentry, fishing, sports, and crafts where cuts and abrasions can be shrugged off as casual. Where cold weather can conceal skin condition, nurses should urge patients to change into a gown for evaluation. Many doctors who skip the full-body evaluation can miss the signs and symptoms of cutting right under their nose.

Cutters are trying to treat their emotional pain. The individual will start to experiment and transfer feelings of emotional pain to a physically concrete manifestation of cuts, bruises, lesions, in areas not regularly seen by others. This is regularly in the lower arms and forearms, which can be hidden by long sleeved clothing. The individual will withdraw from normal social activity if it reveals their cutting scars or lesions.

Therapy for cutting involves multiple disciplines. Treatment involves  confronting the cutter in a safe space and  from their caregivong usually takes the form of two tiers of treatment. Skin cuts are treated for infection and bandaged, and mild painkiller is prescribed. Psychiatric examination and counseling make up the other part of treating cutters.

It would seem that those in metaphorical pain would avoid seeking actual pain. Yet for many this is bringing their pain into the open. Wound care nurses should be wary of patients who pick at scabs or worsen wounds and lesions between dressings.   Yet the exhilaration and catharsis of the cutting ritual allows the individual to achieve emotional release from psychological pressure. Cutters can form bonds with website friends online part of the cutting world.

Cutting is usually done by persons who feel helpless to control important aspects of their lives. Cutting is generally a shameful secret they hide. Cutters should not be condemned, but take in recommending the case for treatment. Friends should report this to a doctor or physician for further investigation.

Signs and symptoms of self-injury may include dermal scars that can be seen in those who have been practicing the self-abuse of cutting for some time. Referrals to the appropriate speciaist are encouraged.

Cutters may distinguish themselves by having sharp objects like pins, knives, switchblades, or razors on hand. They may be seen to wear long sleeves on their arms  and long pants unseasonably in hot weather. Cutters often exhibit difficulties in having close friends near, or holding long-term friendships or have difficulties in interpersonal relationships. The intimacy and familiarity required in these relationships make it difficult for the cutter to hide the cutting habit.

The habit of cutting may become a compulsion for some , one they wish to hide. Conditions in the cutter’s life may lead them to question their existence and voice thoughts of hopelessness or confusion. Stressful life events such as loss of a loved one, decline in social contacts,and new changes in negative life experience may signal a potential for cutting.

The patient or individual will mull over questions about his or her personal identity, such as “Who am I?”, “Where am I going?,  “What am I doing here?” They may exhibit panic and confusion when confronted with obstacles.  Nurses should be alerted to patients with pronounced skin conditions and the above mentioned problems.

Patients involved in cutting behaviors will experience behavioral and emotional instability, such as uncontrolled crying or mood extremes.  Cuters may ecperience problems with impulse control, and be subject to violence aggressiveness or other taboo behaviors. Cutters form a new routine, replacing the chaotic unpredictability of their problems with the “control” of the cutting instigation.

There may be a detectable change in patients, from an external viewpoint. . A patient who usually goes out for a walk or shops with friends and suddenly elects to stay in or avoid phone calls may be a patient considering cutting or performing the cutting practice as a way of coping. The cutter’s disorder is marked acute when the individual finds solace or relief in cutting.

Nurses should discuss with the charge nurse, roommate, staff nurses and social if they have overheard the patient make statements of helplessness, hopelessness or worthlessness. Futility and despair are the emotional hallmarks of a cutter. Intervention is only possible if the caregiver or nurse steps in and speak up.

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Recognizing Medication Side Effects

Today a hot topic in nursing efficiency and best standards in healthcare is maintaining corporeal integrity and patient health despite heavy medication orders.  Nurses administering medication therapy to patients need to be watchful for side effects. Harmful side effects can be fatal. Any nursing performing 24 hour triple checks should converse with charge nurses and consult communication logs to verify any symptoms of a problem with a new medication that may have appeared.

Nurses should not wait to be directed by other staff or pharmacy advisors but verify from administrators,  Internet resources or the drug literature what the potential side effects are. Patients have a right to know what these side effects are before the medication is administered for the first time. If there is a potential drug-to-drug interaction, a delay may be in order while the physician is notified. Another drug may be substituted to eliminate potential problems, side effects, and patient discomfort.

The obvious benefits of nurses maintaining a rapport with their charges become evident here. A caring treatment nurse or observant and communicative med nurse can know what condition the patient’s skin normally is, what skin products the patients use, and under what circumstances irritation or rash incidents arise. Is the patient a complainer or do they hold back complaints?  Do they follow the same bathing and skin cleansing regimen daily? Does the patient use water that is hard, too hot, or for too long a period? Nurses should work closely with nurse’s aides to make sure unknown skin problems do not arise in conjunction with new medication administration. Both problems happening at once muddle the waters.

Patients in hospitals and long-term care  facilities usually do not handle their medications and thus cannot read the warning advice. They may not have Internet access or know how to spell the name of the medication. It is irresponsible and unprofessional for a nurse to force, trick, or dispense new medication to a patient without advising them of these risks and getting their permission. Violation of these rights can result in oversight agency scrutiny,  facility citation, and/or a nursing  license revocation.

For these reasons, any nurse should be mindful of the potential side effects of new medications. And over time, patients may develop allergies or new unpleasant and painful drug reactions. Before nurses sign off on pharmacy memoranda detailing potential interactions with the medication, they should review the nurse assistant’s body check documentation as well as the licensed nurse progress notes from every shift since the inception of the drug’s administration.

While some people have faith in homeopathic medicine, medical science is predicated on conservative and well-tested treatment advice. Unless the patient is utilizing off-label benefits of the drug for conditions other than those initiating the drugs’ order, nurses should follow the exact dosages and administration schedules the physician recommends.

Patient healthcare involves ongoing maintenance of functioning body systems. This includes circulation and muscle support to the dermis, musculature, and epidermis.  These systems undergo changes when systemic alteration occurs. Drug administration via the vein, orally, or topically is encountered by the body as a systemic alteration. Patients receiving therapeutic care require new and additional surveys to maintain the integrity of the skin.

The skin is the largest organ in the human body. The color, texture, febrile nature, friable veins, diffusion of capillary circulation, and moisture content of the skin tells the story. Changes can be tracked and documented to show the progress of a treatment for a condition or illness.

Nurses learn anatomy to understand how the heart and muscles drive the circulatory system. These functions are involuntary. They also stimulate immune system responses that are designed to protect the body’s regular functions.  The response of the immune system and the hypothalamus is governed by genetic  rules which are predetermined at birth. Generally these operate for everyone the same way.

But due to the infinite variation between one human body to another, individuals will differ when a foreign substance, such as a toxin or strain of bacteria is inserted into the bloodstream. The body’s response should be reviewed for the things the patient can communicate, and the things that can be observed.

Thus,  Person A may have no response to ingesting plant spores. But Person B may have no tolerance for plant spores. This intolerance is not a cognitive communication. It is expressed by changes in body functions exclusive of other medical problems.

The body dysfunction  evinces itself in a set of symptoms visible to the eye. It might be a rash, bumps, and/or itchy patches of skin . Sometimes the condition will irritate the patient to comment. For nonverbal or inert patients, symptoms such as swelling, striations, “weeping”, bumps or other dermal eruptions may occur.

Patients may not be able to see what is going on. A full body check is in order at least daily, before and after treatment. These data items should kept well documented in the patients chart for physician review. Symptoms such as nausea, inflamed throat, vomiting, loss of appetite, rash, hives, unusual numbness of extremities and more should be noted carefully. Nurses suspicious of side effectsvof medications should chart an intervention in the patient’s care plan. Wellness should  be achieved without the above mentioned side effects. It is for the doctor to determine whether or not the benefit of such medication outweighs the irritation and discomfort the patient undergoes.

Symptoms of side effects should be evaluated with reference to the patient’s normal condition and status. Failure to chart regular full body checks and regular medical examinations can cloud the issue. And only the facillty being alerted to signs of anaphylactic shock, observed by a nurse,  can save a patient when extreme side effects (akin to allergies) are present. Immediate medical attention is triggered by the predictive and denoted set of side effects described on the warning labels required by law to accompany all medications.

Patients receiving new orders for ongoing conditions or diseases with new symptoms must be protected from the natural occurrence of allergies and untenable side effects. Signs of side effects of given medications is nature’s way of making sure the body does not ingest any more harmful material.

Patient medication forms part of therapeutic intervention for serious conditions. Antibiotics are an accepted and highly recommended response by physicians to lab tests, clinical consultant, and referrals to a specialist. Antibiotics are adminiatered to the human body three ways, internally, orally, and topically. Creams, gels, sprays and powders can be applied directly to the skin or affected area. Oral antibiotics are administered  by mouth and sometimes by other means.

Infusion Vein therapy (Intra Venous therapy)  is administered by access to the vein. The needles’s access to a skin based channel allows direct systemic delivery of antibiotic material. Yet an etiquette prevails to ensure patient safety, operator efficiency, and an optimum outcome.

Dosages of antibiotics in the above mentioned methods are governed by strict standards. The I.V. medication is calculated by laboratory tests, “peak and trough” reports, creatinine levels and patient weight. Maintenance of kidney function is imperative.

Nurses who follow the signs of allergy, medication symptomatology of side effects and problems of specific medication types can offer their patients a wholly beneficial skill set that will enhance treatments and drug administration. Patients can enjoy greater quality of life,  without dosing errors, unnecessary discomfort,  or negative drug interaction.

 

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