Dengue Fever Study Review
Dengue fever, a one rare tropical disease more prone to be common in Malaysia, South America, or South Sea islanders, is a spreading community health threat in settled countries. Unpoliced immigration from countries with little or no sanitation, poor innoculation records. Vaccination problems and low health standards is infiltrate more vulnerable healthcare environments every day.
These health threats are getting worse. The CDC cited in its July 2010 report that dengue fever is transmitted by mosquito bites, and where surface water cultures and agronomies are present. In time these figures and for other diseases like AIDS have grown worse. In South Africa, transmitted diseases have crossed over into population threats for travelers. Incubation can allow for re-uptake of diseased matter to likely insects, And in some (notorious) cases, rare hospital-based person-to-person transmission. .
For civilized societies, the prevalence of immigrant residents working in unsanitary health conditions near surface water with little or no medical care ensures an epidemic of a once rare tropical disease. Harking back to distant eras when medicine as it is practiced today was in a stone age of ignorance, dengue fever was also called break-bone fever for the level of pain and bone damage the dengue visited on its victims. The more serious phase of dengue fever (DHF) can cause fatal occurences of circulatory failure, shock, and multiple organ failure leading to death.
Evincing symptoms of dengue fever are back-of-the-eyes headache, an ache or pressure in the temples, arthritis flare ups, or “ghosting”, myalgia, contact rash, ecchymoses, and interior oral bleeding or nasal bleeding from mucus tissues. Clinical examination and patient history can indicate dengue fever, as well as dengue fever viral matter in the immunoglobins of IgM and IgG. An assay capture test should be run for patients exhibiting these symptoms without exclusive indications from existing conditions. Re-infection of dengue fever can occur, so patient history with respect to dengue fever is critical.
Brain damage from shock can affect the pathology of the organism as a whole, as well as exacerbate any existing medical condition. Patients in this state exhibit multiple systemic vulnerabilities. The intensity of dengue fever continues to a more serious stage, the DHF. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, a potential cause of death, may last two to seven days with fever, abdominal pain and vomiting throughout.
Fever can abate during the DHF phase of dengue fever without the condition being recovered from. Dengue fever wellness plans require patient assistance via nursing and leaves patients bedridden through the course of recovery.
Nursing students and community care professionals can estimate a possible case of dengue fever from lab tests showing hematocrit increase, thrombocytopenia in the blood cell count, and leukopenia. Long term complications for recovered dengue fever patients include myocarditis, encephalopathy, and liver failure. The dengue fever has no vaccine treatment as of yet. An estimated fifty to a hundred million cases a year of dengue fever infect the known human patient population.
Patients who might experience basic symptoms of dengue fever should be questioned for recent activities such as drinking local tap water, ingestion of imported fruit, outdoor recreation near surface water areas, and foreign travel to tropical weather states (such as Florida) or Indian, South American, or Middle or Far Eastern countries where modern sanitation is compromised. Flower beds, standalone planters, pet dishes, and rain collection containers can collect mosquito infected material and spread the disease.
Mosquito repellants and double screens can increase protection from dengue fever contraction. Parents (and caregivers)should look for clothing that “holds” DEET or other mosquito repellant products well. Clothing and skin can be sprayed. Worldwide children age 15 and below represent 90% of severe shock cases of dengue fever, termed dengue shock syndrome (DSS). But American patients of dengue fever can be adult or juvenile. Astonishingly, the disease can be benign. Nurses should screen for background on foreign travel to rule out the patient being a carrier. The coagulation into the bloodstream and tissues causes the denge hemorrhagic fever. DHF patients can develop shock (DSS).
But dengue fever today exists in the United States and modern civilized countries in an outbreak that makes medical healthcare communities uneasy. Nurses must be up to date and wary of new presentation of likely symptoms. What used to be an exotic disease can now come by courtesy of a local canal or aqueduct. Water literally around the house, such as lawn irrigation or plant beds can serve as mosquito nesting grounds. Climate change, weather patterns, and activity involving egg travel in produce or lawn products, for example, can spread the disease further.