Pyoderma Gangrenosum

Pyoderma Gangrenosum is a serious condition of the skin commonly denoted by cellulitis, ulcerous lesions, or wounds. Daily or weekly dressings are required as well as frequent I.V. infusions to combat secondary infections.
Pyoderma Gangrenosum is an exclusive diagnosis. This is unfortunate, as it leads many temporary and urgent care physicians to bypass the seriousness of the damage by referring to the lesions as ulcers, skin tears, and other superficial tissue damage events to the dermis and subdermis. Pyoderma Gangrenosum lesions are characterized by erosion of healthy via an enlarging or group of lesions. As the skin and nerves deteriorate the intense and the copious drainage make the patient’s life difficult.
Pyoderma Gangrenosum treatment plans require an extraordinary commitment of resources, supplies, nursing hours, consult dates, I.V. PICC line insertion, and even hospital stays or Emergency Room visits. The consult visits can become highly technical and a patient with Pyoderma Gangrenosum is well served to obtain a client advocate to meet their needs.
While Pyoderma Gangrenosum does present a flat-edged, wide-lesion wound area similar to some kinds of bed sores, they are much more infectious and extremely susceptible to Sepsis, C. differens infections and contagious MRSA infections. Pyoderma Gangrenosum patients should observe the best possible hygiene and infection control standards possible. Powdered, sterile, and/or Latex-free gloves must be worn by physicians and consultants present at an examination of the wounds or during any wrapping or re-wrapping of the wounds.
General advice given to patients with Pyoderma Gangrenosum is to diet, lose weight, exercise, and elevate the legs if the affected area is in bilateral lower extremities. Daily or twice daily dressing changes may be ordered as the drainage demands. Because the drainage causes the periwound to succumb to ongoing maceration, when the patient feels the bandages fill with liquid, they must report this to the nurse for a wound care session. Nurses must grow accustomed to checking in with the patient about how the wounds are draining and when another dressing is due. Such patients should be monitored for pain to allow direct contact with the wounds at the scheduled wound care time.

Gloves should be worn by all nursing staff during dressing changes, and even by the patient. Washing and shaving of the skin in the periwound may be necessary. Bathing should only take place immediately before a scheduled dressing change to preserve best standards of infection control.
During the wound care dressing change session, light bathing of the periwound skin can be conducted before placement of sterile topical gels and creams. For the heated skin symptom that often accompanies Pyoderma Gangrenosum, Silvadene silver cream has been shown effective to soothe the extreme pain present at the wound sites.
Because of the erosion of skin and nerve tissue during infection, a regimen of nerve pain medication is advised. Baclofen or Neurontin may be part of a 24 hour cycle of pain medication. NSAID therapy can also be used to lessen potential dependence on PRN opiate painkillers. As the Pyoderma improves or the skin infection conditions worsen, this regimen may need to be adjusted.
Pre-medication may be required for dressing changes when nerve and tissue damage has been severe. The pre-medication order should be arranged by the debridement doctor, the consulting physician, or the patient’s Primary Care Provider. Perspiration through hair follicles draws bacteria into the skin. Shaving and bathing of patients should be coordinated with nursing aides or personal residence staff accordingly.
Any situation where total cleanliness of the wound dressing area and sterility of medications is not present should be reported to the wound care team or the charge nurse immediately.
Although the Pyoderma lesions may present as what some nurses might consider mere “Pressure ulcers” that is not what they are.

Pyoderma Gangrenosum is not “gangrene”, as more ignorant members of the medical field are slow to grasp. Instead the Latin term refers to the spread of the immune disease through the tissues. Pyoderma can often be co-existent with systemic infections such as respiratory tract infections, colitis, cystic acne, and sepsis.
Treatment of Pyoderma Gangrenosum is a multipartite, multilayer effort best done with cooperation of the primary care provider, dermatologist, infectious disease specialist, vascular surgeon, and wound care team. The more sophisticated physicians in metropolitan and urban areas will have the experience treating pyoderma.
The systemic approach to ridding the body of pyoderma gangrenosum is to introduce as many cycles of antibiotic therapy as possible. Identifying the treatment method and material to be used is best done using blood tests and wound culture analyses from the affected lesions.The concurrent treatment for extreme site pain, nerve pain, and control of blood sugars must keep time with the infectious disease treatment.
A typical treatment therapy might be Vancomycin and Doripanem via intravenuous infusion, Bactrim
daily as oral antibiotic, and topical treatment of the skin lesions using the complementary spectrum of hydrogels as appropriate.Other nedications may be assigned as they register in sensitivity to the bacteria from the lab culture.
Sometimes Doxycycline or Cyclosporine is used to treat the Pyoderma condition. A key part of any treatment plan for a systemic condition of Pyoderma Gangrenosum is Prednisone. This use of a steroidal supplement can functiom to arrest the immune system disorder that causes the Pyodermic lesions to erupt. While an initial dose of Prednisone therapy can effectively battle back the worst of new lesions forming, the ongoing struggle to keep blood sugar low continues. Without controlled blood sugar, infection treatments will have
The would culture lab result will point the wound care team in the right direction concerning the effective treatment plan and schedule for wound care changes. One new and trending treatment is Tacrolimus to temper swelling and infection control. New studies have shown that Tacrolimus mixed with the Hydrogel Mupirocin retain highly effective resistance to pseudomonas, a common secondary infection.
Because Pyoderma starts as a lesion with no origin, many physicians and nurses speculate about the patient having contracted Pyoderma Gangrensum through contact
with pets or other animals. Dogs, for example, have been diagnosed with Pyoderma Gangrenosum. Due to the very high probability of bacteria contagion, victims of Pyoderma Gangrenosum cannot live with pets and expect any certain degree of recovery.
It requires a well-educated and proactive physician set to envision and implement a care plan for this disrase. The therapeutic relief of Pyoderma Gangrenosum. needs a patient and consistent evaluator of the effectiveness of current therapies. The patient may not always be ready to hear that a certain medication, device, or treatment is no longer working. In some cases a patient suffering from Pyoderma Gangrenosum will be referred to an amputation and limb preservation clinic for evaluation.

Nursing and Infection Control

The reality of infection control may seem academic during pre-qualification for a nursing license. But there are processes for nurses to control infection spread and treatment. The methods include assessing each patient daily, reviewing admission paperwork and examining the patient and conducting body checks. The ways nurses can control infection are via infection containment and MRSA notification, timely endorsement to other nurses, and testing for infection via lab work.

Some nurses may not understand until they function professionally that a patient may exhibit symptoms of an infection, but they don’t necessarily understand what the symptoms mean when taken together. Thirst, reddening of skin, maceration of wounds or sores, drainage, excessive urination, and other symptoms should spark a curiosity in a professional nurse. The occupational nurse should investigate whether or not the patient is at risk for infection from environmental contagion or systemic vulnerability.

Nurses can order the room of a patient cleaned after a number of visitors have passes through. Contamination from referral nurses like LVNs and CNAs can increase total chance of a patient becoming infection. Immunity system diseases can encroach upon vulnerable patients because they do not have enough defenses like a working nurse, charge nurse, or student nurse intern. Patients can also carry germs and pass them on to other patients in group activity settings.

The patient most take care to limit contact with new sources of foreign bacteria. Housecleaning staff who go from room to room CNA spread infection by failing to clean their mops, brooms, and shoes. Hygiene should be of the highest caliber for every nurse. High-level infectious disease wards have housecleaning done with rubber booties on the shoes of all staff, as the bottom of shoes comes into contact with ground debris. This can be the nucleus of a horrible infection or a vulnerable patient with e reduced strength immune system.

In some cases, infections of the throat or gums, cuts or scrapes, and pre-existing wounds or sores can lengthen a patient stay in a hospital or long term care facility. A nurse who feels they don’t have to wash their hands between insulin administrations or pills disbursements may find themselves distracted and end up handling the medication with their bare hands. Nurses who often carry medication in their pocket may drop it, and whomever picks that up may in a world of trouble.

Care taken during specimen gathering can be crucial. All specimens should be considered potentially infectious, or hazardous, especially when exposed by contact with skin breaks. All methods and nursing procedures should be followed. Droplet infections, airborne infections, contract infections and potential blood borne infectious material pose the greatest risk. Viruses, parasites, fungi and bacteria must be watched for. Disinfection, sterilization, antisepsis and sterilization can be the nurse’s friends in aiding for the containment of infectious diseases.

Nurses may convey infectious bacteria (unintentionally) by traveling from a room with infection control and transmitting germs to the room with a patient where infection control methods are not being observed. Nurses have a burden of care for public health safety, not just the comfort of one patient. Patients who resist bathing and cleaning should be counselled for an intervention. Nurses should be wary that infectious bacteria can travel from room to room, person to person, with trays, silverware, instruments, supplies, wound care materials, sharps, and ungloved hands.

Nurses should caution other nurses and staff from letting down the standard of care by providing the patient with infection risks. Cluttered paths of travel, untidy patient rooms, incorrect bed elevation, incorrect shoes or clothing, all can play a part in posing a risk to infection control. Wet floors, back safety, fall prevention and care when working with chemicals should help any nurse do their part looking out for infection containment.

A patient who is consistently dirty is at risk for infection. A patient who refuses to bathe or change clothes can pose an infection risk to themselves or others. Dirty gowns, unwashed hands or unwashed flesh, torn surgical gloves or broken seals or opened packages should prompt a concern for the prevention of infectious disease. Sterile masks and protective equipment, environmental cleanliness, disinfection and sterilization can prevent disease breakouts and ensure better health care.